Heat Stroke :Symptoms and first aid

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The fury of heatwave is at its worst. Temperature has cross 50 degree bar. In such a condition heat stroke could be fatal if not treated in time. It is most serious form of heat injury and is considered medical emergency. But how to identify it? Here are the symptoms:

  • Fainting
  • Core body temperature above 105 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness and light-headedness
  • Lack of sweating despite the heat
  • Red, hot, and dry skin
  • Muscle weakness or cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness

If you suspect that someone is suffering from heat stroke, initiate first aid immediately. Here is what you must do:

call ambulance immediately

While waiting for the paramedics to arrive, initiate first aid. Move the person to an air-conditioned environment — or at least a cool, shady area — and remove any unnecessary clothing.

If possible, take the person’s core body temperature and initiate first aid to cool it to 101 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit. (If no thermometers are available, don’t hesitate to initiate first aid.)

Fan air over the patient while wetting his or her skin with water from a sponge or garden hose.

Apply ice packs to the patient’s armpits, groin, neck, and back. Because these areas are rich with blood vessels close to the skin, cooling them may reduce body temperature.

Immerse the patient in a shower or tub of cool water, or an ice bath.

If emergency response is delayed, call the hospital emergency room for additional instructions.

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