TOI spoke to doctors at Apollo, Sir Ganga Ram (SGRH) and Safdarjung hospitals who confirmed the trend. Over-the-counter use of antibiotic is a major culprit, said Dr B K Tripathi, professor of medicine at Safdarjung Hospital. “Many patients take anti-fever drugs and even antibiotics on their own to treat typhoid symptoms. When it doesn’t help, they rush to hospital. In many cases, both we have to put patients on both injectable drugs and add-on antibiotics,” Dr Tripathi said.
Typhoid, a major public health infection, is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria and leads to symptoms such as persistently high fever, nausea, headache and abdominal pain. Earlier most people could be treated at home, but now more need to be hospitalised, increasing the cost of treatment, said doctors. “In rare cases, treatment failure can cause severe complications and death even,” a doctor said.